Sucrose

Sucrose-Molecule Monday
The Original Organic Sweetener

By now, most of us have had our fill of chocolate Easter eggs. While there are some claims that dark chocolate is good for you, when was the last time you had a dark chocolate Easter egg? Without the most common sweetener of all, sucrose or table sugar, to take the edge off the bitterness, your kids & grandkids would leave a lot of chocolate eggs uneaten. Concerned about weight…skip right to the bottom

What is Chocolate Made of?

As you can see from the infographic below,  theobromine, which translates from the Greek as “food of the gods” is common to all dark and milk chocolates.  As one might expect,  chocolate is not a simple mixture.  Who would have thought that vanillin (vanilla flavoring) was in chocolate?  And how about white “chocolate” which has no theobromine at all? But, sugar must surely be a major contributor to chocolate cravings.

chocolate-chemistry
Chocolate is a complex mix of flavorants, fats & sweeteners.

What is Sucrose?

Sucrose is commonly referred to as table sugar, that white powder we stir into coffee or add to our baked goods. Sucrose  is a disaccharide – a compound that is made from two simpler sugars, in this case glucose & fructose.  Your liver breaks sucrose down to these two constituents. Glucose is of course one of the most important nutrients in our metabolism and is the sole source of energy for our brains.

Sucrose used to be found in nearly everything sweet we eat but has largely been replaced by high fructose corn syrup which is much cheaper (due to heavy subsidies to the corn industry) than cane sugar. It is believed to be largely responsible for the tremendous increase in obesity and rise in type 2 diabetes.

Sucrose, the most popular "organic" sweetener of them all.

Sucrose, the most popular “organic” sweetener of them all.

So, perhaps we should encourage our children and grandchildren to develop a taste for dark chocolate. It could make a big difference to their health when they get older and save on a few dental bills in the meantime.

Sucrose-The Molecular Mobile

Click on the video below to see sucrose as a stereo pair that also spins. If you suspend it by the central red atom it makes an unusal mobile.

Sucrose & Obesity

A very old study that was buried by the sugar industry 40 years is making its way back into the public eye.  For more information on this read an article about “Pure , White & Deadly” before embarking on a low fat diet.

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